Tawazun’s signature output is a quantitative index that measures the efficiency of civil-military relations and captures results in maturity models. Efficiency is defined as the ability of civilian and military actors to negotiate, formulate, and coordinate policies in the sphere of national defense, in ways that further effective governance of the defense sector, reinforce state core competences, and enhance nation building.

The Index measures the efficiency of civil-military relations in five domains: governance, military professionalism, social perceptions and cultural attitudes, defense finances and economics, and civilian competences. These domains are further subdivided into sixteen main questions.

Quantitative results in the index are drawn from surveys of defense practitioners and civilian experts in defense affairs, reflecting the experiences and access to data that experts have. This compensates for the shortage of data on civil-military relations in Arab countries. Users can compare results across countries, domains, questions, and chart types. The Index provides qualitative reasonings for the numerical scores, and country profiles, which are informed by Index results, examine the outcomes of civil-military relations at the country level.